Jerash became an important city in the early 4th century BC during the time of Alexander the Great.

The Arch of Hadrian was built to commemorate Emperor Hadrian's visit of 130 AD.





Roman general Pompey conquered the region in 64 BC.  Then named Gerasa, it became part of the Roman province of Syria.











Jerash was changed to the Roman province of  Arabia in 90 AD.  This province also contained Amman, then known as Philadelphia.


In the first and second century AD, the city was improved. The city was laid out based upon the classical military plan architecture of a north-south (Cardo) and east-west (Decumanus) intersecting main streets.  As was typical for non-European cities in this era, the main streets were beautifully colonnaded.










Amman          Ash Shubak         Jerash          Madaba         Petra

Pictures by Tom Aprille ( )