Present day Pamukkale was once the ancient Pergamum empire city of Hierapolis  (holy city), it was founded in 190 BC. 
Below is a 5th century AD Byzantine gate to the city of Hierapolis.


Formations resulting from millennia of deposits of calcium oxide-rich springs.
















Remains of the city of Hierapolis, built along side and on the thermal springs.




2nd century AD theater built by Emperor Hadrian.  The city came under Roman control in 133 BC.











Cappadocia:        Ankara        Hattusa        Ozkonak        Uchisar        Yazilikaya
Istanbul:        Around Town        Blue Mosque        Hagia Sophia        Topkapi Palace
South Coast:        Antalya        Aspendos        Myra & Demre        Perge        Xanthos
South West Inland:        Konya        Aphrodisias        Pamukkale        Sagalassos        Sardis
West Coast:   Izmir    Assos    Didyma    Ephesus    Gallipoli    Miletus    Pergamum    Priene    Troy

Pictures by Tom Aprille                                            Return